Last month I took the opportunity to share some island history by explaining how several of Ocracoke’s street names came to be. Other names are just as interesting.  Consider these.

On your visits to the island you may have noticed “Ocean View Road” and ” Old Beach Road.” The Pony Island Motel sits between these two roads.  If you’ve been coming to the island for a while you are probably aware that “Ocean View Road” has no view of the ocean, and that “Old Beach Road” does not take you to the beach.

Present-day View from “Ocean View” Road:

When the signs went up earlier this year many of us imagined first-time visitors to the island vainly driving down these roads looking for the beach.

Even more confusing, there is a narrow, unpaved road just off of the “Bank Road” (actually the official name is “Cedar Road” though most islanders still refer to it, for obvious reasons, as the “Bank Road.”) called “Beach Road.” Not only does this road not lead to the beach, it terminates in a dead end. Residents along this road worried that the green road sign would lure countless tourists on a fruitless quest for sun and surf.

The “Beach” Road:
beach rd

Why these misleading names? It turns out that Ocracoke’s topography was quite different years ago when these roads acquired their names. When the Variety Store was built in the early 1960s it sat right on the edge of the bald beach. From there to the Park Service campground was a vast tidal flat, virtually devoid of vegetation. In fact, the traditional name for this part of the island is the “Plains.”  Today this stretch of land is covered with myrtles, yaupons, cedars, and many varieties of grasses.

NC Highway 12 & The “Plains” in 2005:
the plains

No doubt Ocracoke Village is situated on what was once a separate “inside island” that was gradually fused to the advancing “sandy banks” as sea level rose. Islanders living today can remember fishing in a slough between the village and the banks. My father remembers folks shaking their heads when Thurston Gaskill built his home (now the Thurston House Bed & Breakfast) on what they considered “the edge of the beach.” The Thurston House is not 1600 feet from Silver Lake Harbor.

In fact the three roads mentioned above, “Beach Road,” “Old Beach Road,” & “Ocean View Road” all lie between Thurston’s house and the beach. For many years they did provide access to and views of the ocean beach. Today they are but reminders of the way Ocracoke used to be.

“Nubbins Ridge” is a curious name for one of the island’s narrow lanes. It turns out that Carey, Elnora, and Delphin Williams, whose family home was located here, named this road years ago for an area they were familiar with in Richmond, Virginia.

“Paddy’s Holler” is another peculiar Ocracoke name. There is no street named for this area of the island, if only because this one-time public lane is now little more than a footpath & driveway. Years ago this lane passed from the school and church to the intersection of “Fig Tree Lane” and the “Back Road.”

Paddy’s Holler was at times the “party part” of Ocracoke village. Many a game of poker was played in the woods near the lane, and many a crock of homemade meal wine was brewed in the vicinity.

Walter Howard immortalized Paddy’s Holler in a song, and his brother Edgar, after he retired and moved back home, popularized it in the 1970’s. Ocracoke’s folk band, “Molasses Creek” has included this lively song in their repertoire.

There are, of course, no “hollers” anywhere on flat, sandy Ocracoke. I’m told that one of the old-time imbibers (was it Wid Williams?) named this area of the village after a pub in Philadelphia.

“Lawton Lane” intersects “Howard Street.” It is the narrow sandy lane where my grandparents lived in a small “story and a jump” wood frame house. I never knew the road to have a name until Libby & Bill Hicks rented the house in the 1990s and used “Lawton Lane” as their address, a tribute to my father who was born in the house. At that time he lived next door, on the corner of “Lawton Lane” & “Howard Street,” one of only a few people, I’m sure, to live on two streets, both of which were eponymous.

Lawton Lane:

There is a story behind “Martha Jane Lane,” the short section of road that connects “Lighthouse Road” to the “Loop Road.” Martha Jane’s house is the small cottage sided with cedar shakes. Some years ago she was taken to Duke University hospital complaining of abdominal discomfort. She was diagnosed with a nervous stomach and sent back home. Some months later she took a snapshot of her “nervous stomach,” her newborn baby son, and sent it to the doctors at the hospital.

Martha Jane Lane:

Even if you’ve been visiting Ocracoke for some time you may not have had opportunity to drive down “Winnie Blount Road.” It is, after all, a dead end residential road and not very visible. Winnie Blount (affectionately known to islanders as “Aunt Winnie”) was the only black person to return to Ocracoke after the Civil War. She married another former slave from the mainland and raised two children on the island. Of her eleven grandchildren only three survive. Mamie lives in New York City, Annie Laurie lives in Swan Quarter, and Muzel stays on Ocracoke’s “Back Road” with Kenny Ballance. Muze is truly an island treasure.   She will celebrate her 102nd birthday this coming March.

On a more contemporary note, I was discussing my research on island street names with Leslie Lanier (owner of “Books to be Red”) and I mentioned that I had no clue how “Lumpy’s Road” got its name. A grand smile came over Leslie’s face and she told me how delighted she was that for once she was able to fill me in on some island history.

It seems that when Leslie was pregnant with her first son, Andrew (born 1996), her husband, Beaver, would put his hand on her abdomen and jokingly comment on how lumpy it was. It didn’t take much before they were both referring to the unborn baby as “Lumpy.” And thus the name of the road where Leslie, Beaver, & Andrew (and now Kyle also) live.

Lumpy’s Road:

As you drive, walk, or bike around the village, maybe you will have a different appreciation for our road signs now. They may not be aesthetically pleasing, but they at least preserve a bit of our island history.


Ocracoke Island has only had official street names for a few years; and street signs for just several months. Not so long ago folks from off-island, particularly first time visitors, would often wonder how we ever managed without street names.

New Street Signs in the Village:
Street signs

The truth is that we did have street names. They were simply unofficial, flexible, often multiple, and frequently confusing.  In short, they suited most Ocracokers just fine.

For example, the road directly across from the fire hall was among the very first streets paved on the island. When the US Navy established their base here in July of 1942 they found the deep soft sand lanes unsatisfactory. They created an ammunition dump along the ridge that now connects the Oyster Creek development and Jackson Dunes. In short order they paved a one-lane concrete road from their base on the harbor to the dump. A few of the aprons that served the dumps are still visible on present-day “Cutting Sage Road” and “Trent Drive.” That section of road directly across from the present-day fire hall was dubbed “Ammunition Dump Road” by locals.

Later on, after the fire hall was built, the road was sometimes called “Fire House Road.” In the mid to late 1960s Lloyd Harkum, from Norfolk, Virginia, purchased property along this road and divided it into small lots. He officially named this thoroughfare “Sunset Drive.” In the 1970’s, before the trees had grown so tall, the top of the lighthouse was clearly visible as you were driving west on this road. A few folks referred to it by its most confusing moniker, “Lighthouse Road.”

“Cutting Sage” [an alternate spelling of “Cutting Sedge,” a member of a family of tufted marsh plants, Cyperaceae] is the traditional name of the road referred to above, the road that leads from Sunset Drive to Oyster Creek. Confusingly, the road over the first bridge in Oyster Creek, which intersects “Cutting Sage,” is named “Cutten Sage Lane.”

The southeast extension of Cutting Sage is called “Trent Road.” One historically major section of Ocracoke village included this area near Pamlico Sound and beyond the present-day community cemetery. It is called “Up Trent” and, although all of the homes there today are relatively new, years ago quite a few islanders lived amongst the trees there.  Hence, “Trent Road.”

The main part of Ocracoke village has traditionally been divided into two distinct areas by native islanders. “Down Point” refers to “Springer’s Point” (where the first European settlers built modest homes in the 1700s) and that part of the community on the south side of the harbor. This area was originally called just “The Point” and later “Williams Point” or “Howard’s Point” depending on who owned it. In 1883 E.D. & Clara Springer, from South Creek, North Carolina, purchased this tract of land. Although they never made this their permanent home , the point still bears their name.

The road that today carries the name “Lighthouse Road” was traditionally called “Point Road.” In fact, when official Ocracoke street names were first introduced this was designated “Point Road.” Only because several residents objected (they had already established their addresses as “Lighthouse Road”) was the current name officially adopted.

Ocracoke’s Most Recognizable Symbol:

Sometime prior to 1835 an increasing number of residents had built homes and businesses around the north side of “Cockle Creek” as “Silver Lake” was originally called. This was a wide but shallow tidal creek. The periphery of the creek was dominated by marsh grasses. The tidal flow extended toward the bald beach in the form of two guts or streams. They effectively divided the village into two distinct sections – “Down Point” and “Around Creek.” After “the creek” was dredged by the Navy in 1942 to accommodate larger draft vessels, and the spoil was pumped into the village to fill in the guts, its official name became “Silver Lake Harbor.”

At one time Howard Street was referred to as the “Main Road.” In 1835 what had been merely a foot path was widened by court order and made a public thoroughfare. It extended from close by the present-day “School Road” all the way to the Sound (in the vicinity of today’s National Park Service Visitor Center). Several stores were located in this area – Mr. Blackwell’s store, John Pike’s store, and Willis Williams’ store and tavern. The area “Around Creek” grew considerably, especially since the post office and mailboat dock were located there.

Howard Street:
Howard Street

Once the state of North Carolina took control of the ferry operations in the mid-1950s and decided to pave many of the island’s sandy lanes Ocracoke’s destiny began to change. Much was in the offing. Early on the pavement was extended around the harbor from the Navy’s concrete road. Where once there had been little more than a foot path, there was now a hard surface road (where Highway 12 is today).

This meant that the western end of the “Main Road” (in front of the Community Store) was now paved. And that left the eastern end of the road still a one-lane sandy path lined by family cemeteries and embraced by cedars and gnarled old live oaks.

It wasn’t long before Stacy Howard nailed a hand-painted sign to a tree in front of his house. “East Howard Street” it read. The new name stuck. Of course most of the residents there were Howards, and it was the eastern end of what had been the “Main Road.”

Stacy Howard’s “Howard Street” Sign:
Howard Street sign

Still today, many older residents refer to our quintessential village lane as “East Howard Street” though maps and common usage are generally satisfied simply with “Howard Street,” content to ignore or forget the reason it was once designated as “East.”

Statewide Enhanced 911 Emergency Service now dictates that Ocracoke, like the rest of the state, have official street names and road signs posted throughout the village. It is taking many of us a while to adjust to this type of “progress.” It is still common to hear O’cockers talk about the “Point Road,” or the “Ammunition Dump Road,” or perhaps “Ollie Syron’s Road” simply because that’s where she lived.

And we can’t always remember the new names of our island roads. So we’re likely to give directions something like this: “Turn left on that corner where you’ll see the old wooden skiff piled up with conch shells; pass the Back Porch Restaurant and then turn right at the fire hall (the Coffee Shop is on the left corner); make the second left; then turn left again (if you drive into the cemetery you’ve gone too far); it’s the house on the right with the green porch swing.”